# why does mathematics describe nature

Produced by Alom Shaha in a straightforward manner, it discusses the mathematics… Generously illustrated, written in an informal style, and replete with examples from everyday life, Mathematics in Nature is an excellent and undaunting introduction to the ideas and methods of mathematical modeling. The beauty that people perceive in nature has causes at different levels, notably in the mathematics that governs what patterns can physically form, and among living things in the effects of natural selection, that govern how patterns evolve. Q1. In simple terms, sunflowers can pack in the maximum number of seeds if each seed is separated by an irrational-numbered angle. The second is that it is useful, and that its utility depends in part on its certainty, and that that certainty cannot come without a notion of proof. Receive emails about upcoming NOVA programs and related content, as well as featured reporting about current events through a science lens. Abbott is currently working on a tutorial paper on geometric algebra for electrical engineers to be published in the near future. Galileo changed all that in the early 17th century. Plato wouldn't let anyone through the front door of his acclaimed Academy who didn't know mathematics. Here are a few of Abbott's reasons for why mathematics is reasonably ineffective, which are largely based on the non-Platonist viewpoint that math is a human invention: • Mathematics appears to be successful because we cherry-pick the problems for which we have found a way to apply mathematics. It is ineffective when it fails to deliver that elegant compactness. For an overview of the math behind nature’s patterns, check out this video. Both viewpoints are based on the non-Platonist idea that math is a human invention. And I more think nature akin to music than mathematics. With Einstein's equations, we can "see" atoms. And that is Abbott's main point (and most controversial one): that mathematics is not exceptionally good at describing reality, and definitely not the "miracle" that some scientists have marveled at. We don’t know how they do it, but they do. Or, if necessary, they invent new math. For Abbott, these points and many others that he makes in his paper show that mathematics is not a miraculous discovery that fits reality with incomprehensible regularity. Instead, he argues for the opposing viewpoint, the non-Platonist notion that mathematics is a product of the human imagination that we tailor to describe reality. Composed of individuals, and together equal an individual. "And that is, in some sense, what we mean by elegance—that the messy, complex world around us emanates from this very simple equation that you have written on a piece of paper.". How the connection between mathematics and the world is to beaccounted for remains one of the most challenging problems inphilosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, and generalphilosophy. This description of a structure is the nature of mathematics itself. How long would the pebble take to reach the bottom? Just shy of eight seconds. ", Newton's law of gravity, for instance, has been critical in all our missions into space. A thousand feet high? It aims to understand the nature and methods of mathematics, and find out the place of mathematics in people's lives. Euclid fathered the geometry we named after him—all those radii and hypotenuses and parallel lines. When you do a Google search, you're relying on 19th-century algebra, on which the search engine's algorithms are based. The same inequality, but two equivalent ways to express it, Position of a point as a function of angular position, Reconciling different ways to define an ellipse, Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletter are free features that allow you to receive your favorite sci-tech news updates in your email inbox. ", "Einstein used mathematics to see a piece of the universe that no one had ever seen before. With Newton's equation on gravity, we can "see" the force that holds the moon in orbit around the Earth. Could a single poem or painting do as much? Even things we can see and touch in nature flirt with mathematical proportions and patterns. "Fractal geometry has given us a much larger vocabulary, and with a larger vocabulary we can read more of the book of nature." At some point, we can no longer rely on numbers to count. What exactly does "effective mathematics" look like? "He is unworthy of the name of man," Plato sniffed, "who is ignorant of the fact that the diagonal of a square is incommensurable with its side." The philosophy of mathematics is the branch of philosophy that studies the assumptions, foundations, and implications of mathematics. (Hang in there, math-phobes. Such exactness crops up regularly in mathematical descriptions of reality. Abbott explains that effective mathematics provides compact, idealized representations of the inherently noisy physical world. "Mathematics captures patterns that the universe finds pleasant, if you like.". Lately there has been a renewed interest in an alternative approach called geometric algebra, which overcomes many of the limitations of dot and cross products and can be extended to higher dimensions. Major funding for NOVA is provided by the David H. Koch Fund for Science, the NOVA Science Trust, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and PBS viewers. Some of the arguments in Abbott's paper are based on the ideas of the mathematician Richard W. Hamming, who in 1980 identified four reasons why mathematics should not be as effective as it seems. Consider the Fibonacci sequence: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144… Notice a pattern? Math only has the illusion of being effective when we focus on the successful examples. How can you describe a tree or cloud, a rippled pond or swirling galaxy using numbers and equations? Medical Xpress covers all medical research advances and health news, Tech Xplore covers the latest engineering, electronics and technology advances, Science X Network offers the most comprehensive sci-tech news coverage on the web. In 1959, the physicist and mathematician Eugene Wigner described this problem as "the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics." The structures of mathematics are intrinsic to nature. Mathematics meets all of these requirements. In his book Mathematics in Western Culture, the mathematician Morris Kline chose to sidestep the philosophical and focus on the scientific: "The plan that mathematics either imposes on nature or reveals in nature replaces disorder with harmonious order. "Math is our one and only strategy for understanding the complexity of nature," says Ralph Abraham, a mathematician at the University of California Santa Cruz, in NOVA's Hunting the Hidden Dimension. The equations of quantum mechanics made possible everything from transistors and semiconductors to electron microscopy and magnetic resonance imaging. Such predictive capability often leads to new discoveries. This site uses cookies to assist with navigation, analyse your use of our services, and provide content from third parties. Click here to sign in with Mathematics has been called the language of the universe. , or 144 're like me, you would not work without.. 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